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Archives 2009

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 ARCHIVES

 - Coins sold in 2009 -

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1. Philistia

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Philistia, struck circa 400 B.C.E. probably in Gaza (Gitler & Tal XIII.1O) This extremely rare, barbarous issue has been listed for the first time in 2006, in the book of Gitler & Tal. The reverse is fascinating: Instead of the usual Athenian owl, it shows a human-headed bird that is probably inspired by Ba, the Egyptian representation of soul that is separated from the body upon a person's death. Interestingly, ba is the closest concept in Ancient Egyptian religion to the Western religious understanding of "soul".

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Philistia, struck circa 370 B.C.E. in Gaza (Hendin 421, but small denomination) Superb specimen bearing an exceptionaly preserved portrait of Athena on the obverse with letter Mem on the cheek (see enlargement at left) which is the Aramaic initial of Marnas, the great god of Gaza. In general, the letter Mem is cut on the reverse die (see an example here) and it is rare to see it on the portrait.

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Philistia, struck circa 370 B.C.E. in Gaza (Hendin 421, but small denomination) Superb specimen bearing an exceptionaly fresh, well preserved portrait of Athena on the obverse. The letter Mem, initial of Marnas, the chief god of Gaza, appears on the reverse at 5:30. The  history of the cult of Marnas is fascinating: He was the god of grain and rain in Gaza and he was prayed against famine. Centuries after centuries, the letter Mem continues to appear on the coins minted in Gaza and it is still present on the city coins of the 2nd to the 3rd centuries C.E.

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2. Yehud

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, struck circa 350 B.C.E. in Jerusalem (Hendin 426) This specimen is truly exceptional and important: it bears the best and most complete portrait of Athena ever seen on a Yehud obol! This coin type is not only the earliest Yehud ever struck for a large diffusion, it is also the most widely diffused of all the Yehud series (242 specimens for this type are listed to date, see all of them on Menorah Coin Project).

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, struck circa 350 B.C.E. in Jerusalem (Hendin 426) This rare variety with lily upright on the reverse is much more beautifull on both sides than the plate specimen of Treasury of Jewish Coins (see p. 277, coin #7). Also, the portrait of Athena on this coin is the best possible for this variety because this obverse die was previously associated to another reverse die that finally broke after many specimens struck (see my article in the current issue of Israel Numismatic Research).

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, struck circa 380-360 B.C.E. in Jerusalem (Hendin 426) Superb example with a beautifull portrait of this coin type entirely retrograde on the reverse (owl & inscription). In fact, this pair of dies is a coin type by itself. 23 specimens are known to date but most of them are in a much poorer condition than this one

 

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 SOLD (Sale 03, May 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, before 333 B.C.E. (Hendin 427) Very beautifull specimen struck on an exceptionally large flan

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 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, before 333 B.C.E. (Hendin 428) This is probably one of the most amazing and enigmatic coin type in Yehud time. The ear depicted on the obverse is certainly not anyone's ear but more probably the 'Ear of God'. It might be a reference to 2 Kings 19:16 'Incline Your ear, O LORD, and hear...' Another interesting detail is the break on the obverse die (see the curved line that starts on the edge at 10:30 and reaches the top left of the ear): It seems to be the only die break known on a Yehud obverse die. The Yehud reverse dies are frequently affected by breaks, but in general, the obverse dies do not break (see my article in Israel Numismatic Research 3).

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 SOLD (Sale 02, Apr 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, before 333 B.C.E. (Hendin 429) Superb specimen with an exceptional portrait of the persian king. On the reverse, we can see three short and almost horizontal die breaks: It is a very interesting example of the biggest problem encountered by the coin makers in the Yehud period: most of the reverse dies were ruined by breaks, sometimes very prematurely, after having struck very few coins

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, before 333 B.C.E. UNLISTED COIN TYPE For the very first time since we operate Menorah Coin Store, we are proud to offer an UNLISTED AND MAJOR COIN TYPE. Moreover, this specimen is in a splendid condition with a 100% complete and very clear portrait. Of course, this specimen is connected to the very rare coin type with facing portrait struck under 'Hezekiah the Governor' (Hendin 430, TJC 22).

 

 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Yehud, Hellenistic period, after 333 B.C.E. (Hendin 438) Superb specimen with an impressive portrait of Ptolemy, one of the very best known for the type. I have listed a total of 8 obverse dies for this coin type, this one is the die O1, the most beautifull of the series and cut by a master engraver. It is very possible that the inscription on reverse only shows three letters instead of four usually for this coin type. The last letter, He, seems to be missing. This probable variety however, would need to be confirmed by another specimen also struck by R10

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SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Yehud, Hellenistic period, after 333 B.C.E. (Hendin 438) Beautiful specimen with complete inscription on reverse

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

Yehud, Hellenistic period, after 333 B.C.E. (Hendin 438) important barbaric variety Extremely rare and important variety written in Aramaic instead of paleo Hebrew as usual. Only two other specimens are known with this barbaric portrait of Ptolemy. The Aramaic inscription is complete and retrograde on the reverse

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Yehud, Ptolemaic rule, hemiobol struck circa 330-300 B.C.E. in Jerusalem (TJC 30) This is definitely the RAREST coin type we ever offered since Menorah Coin Store exists (March 2009). This coin is the 2nd specimen ever seen for this type (click here). The only other specimen known is property of the Reuben Hecht Museum (Haifa, Israel). The portrait depicted here is very different than the ones on the coin type Hendin 437: First, it faces right. Second, the hair is bound with a ribbon which is possibly a royal diadem like on the issues depicting Ptolemy, suggesting it might be the portrait of a young prince. And third, this portrait seems much younger than the ones on H437, probably a child of 5-10 y.o. This coin type NEVER came on the market before today!

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Yehud, Persian rule, struck circa 310-301 B.C.E. in Jerusalem (Hendin 440) This exceptional specimen is one of the three best ever seen for this rare type, and is apparently the very best that ever came on the market in the 30 last years! (click here) On the 72 specimens listed to date, only 5 of them (7%) show the obverse die in an acceptable state, with the roaring lion's head well recognizable. This coin type is one of the latest types of Attic weight before the Ptolemaic group, and can be dated of circa 310-301 B.C.E.

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3. Samaria

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Samaria, Meshorer & Qedar Samarian Coinage #66. Struck in Samaria, fourth century B.C.E. Rare coin type in exceptional state, much better than the plate coin of Samarian Coinage #66. On obverse: Soldier holding the bridle of a horse. On reverse: Roaring lion with a ram's head below and letters Shin & Lamed combined into a monogram at top right

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

Samaria, Meshorer & Qedar Samarian Coinage #76. Struck in Samaria, 4th century B.C.E. Fascinating coin, at least as beautiful as the plate coin of Samarian Coinage #76 (it might be #75 too), which is also a true piece of archaeology and anthropology: the portrait on obverse is framed by several graffitis, in 3 different fields.

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Samaria (Meshorer & Qedar 83) Struck 4th Century B.C.E. Rare and impressive Samarian coin type showing a bearded man head on the obverse (Herakles?) and a crouching lion with head facing on the reverse.

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

Samaria, Meshorer & Qedar Samarian Coinage #188. Struck in Samaria, fourth century B.C.E. Superb and rare Samarian obol depicting a bearded male on obverse and a bearded satrap wearing a Persian tiara on reverse. Both portraits are in exceptional condition. This specimen is even better than the plate specimen of Samarian Coinage (see plate 26 #188)

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4. Hasmonaeans

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 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 B.C.E. (Hendin 467) Best specimen known, by far, for the type (click here). The reverse is also in exceptional condition but as it is an oversized die (the size of the die is much larger than the flan on which it is struck), this side cannot be entirely visible on coins. A gem.

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 B.C.E. (Hendin 467 - TJC Series N) Superb specimen with a complete Paleo-Hebrew inscription on the obverse, which is very rare. The inscription on the reverse is partial but it is normal because this die was obersized, like on some of the undated Herod coin types. So the reverse inscription simply CANNOT be seen entirely, on any specimen.

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 SOLD (Sale 02, Apr 2009)

Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 B.C.E. (Hendin 468) This coin type is by far the rarest of Alexander Jannaeus (only 27 specimens known to date) and this one is the 2nd best ever seen (click here). The eye appeal of this coin, on a picture or in hand is really impressive. This specimen has been published several times in numismatic articles (list available)

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 SOLD (Sale 03, May 2009)

Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 B.C.E. (Hendin 469) Extremely rare barbaric issue of widow's mite. Similar to Meshorer TJC K22 (Pl. 25) but different pair of dies

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Alexander Jannaeus 103-76 B.C.E. (Hendin 469v - TJC K17) This truly exceptional specimen with a superb obverse is the rare variety of Hendin 469 with a tiny anchor. This specimen is in a much better condition than the TJC plate coin (see plate 25, coin K17).

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 SOLD (Sale 02, Apr 2009)

Mattathias Antigonus 40-37 B.C.E. (Hendin 483) Charming specimen of this enigmatic coin type showing a retrograde inscription on ALL of the dies. Isadore Goldstein (Zuzim Judaea) suggests a fascinating explain for this: "This inscription style has isolated the letters of G-d's name on the second line. The letters thus arranged in proper form are forbidden to be struck on a mundane object such as a coin". This type is usually very partial and in very poor condition, and it is rare to see a complete inscription like this one.

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5. Herodians

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 486) Fantastic specimen of Series I. The Series I are the earliest, rarest and most interesting series for the 8 prutot of Herod the Great (only 16% of them are series I). Unfortunately, they are generally in a much poorer condition that the 8 prutot of the regular series, but this one is the best specimen known of the 104 specimens of series I listed to date (click here).

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 SOLD (Sale 05, July 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 486) struck year 37 B.C.E Exceptionally complete and clear specimen struck on a very large flan. Interestingly, this die with the tripod is exceedingly rare (this is the 2nd specimen known) because it has been affected by a break that probably caused the interruption of the striking process. On this specimen, the break is in its very early step, at bottom left of the monogram. On the other specimen known, the break grew significantly. Also note that some important parts of the decoration on the helmet's bowl (four large leaves) are visible, which is only the case of less than 5% of the specimens for this coin type (to date, I have listed almost 700 specimens). This specimen is one of 3 best known for series III (click here)

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 486) struck year 37 B.C.E Superb hybrid specimen showing an exceptional obverse of Series I associated to a reverse of Series III (the regular series).

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 SOLD (Sale 02, Apr 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 487) Exceptional example of this coin type, which is generaly in a very poor state and when it is not, it is one of the most frequently tooled coin types! In fact, as I will demonstrate it in a future work, the side with the shield is the obverse. Three dies are known with two cheek pieces, and three others with a single cheek piece, like this one.

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 SOLD (Sale 05, July 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 488) Struck year 37 B.C.E. Superb specimen of Series I. The Series I are the earliest, rarest and most interesting series for the dated coins of Herod the Great. Unfortunately, the coins of Series I are generally in a much poorer condition than the regular series, but this one is among the very best specimens known on the 90 specimens of H488 series I listed to date (click here). For more informations about the fascinating series I, please read my article: The Largest Herodian Coin: The Very First Dies (The Celator, February 2005,  pp.18-25)

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 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 490) This is one of the two best specimens known for the type (click here). Exceptional inscription & patterns for this coin type that usually comes in very poor condition. Also, this is the variety with closed diadem (H490), which is 30% less frequent than the variety with open diadem (H490a). On the obverse at 10:30, note the small dot connected to the letter 'Y': It is the letter 'O' of HPWDOY' ('Herod'). This way to end the last word of the phrase (space is missing and the remaining letter(s) must be squeezed) is not so rare on this coin type

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 SOLD (Sale 05, July 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 490)  Exceptional inscription & patterns for this coin type that usually comes in very poor condition. Also, this is the variety with closed diadem (H490), which is 30% rarer than the variety with open diadem (H490a). As it will be demonstrated in a book to be published on the coins of Herod the Great, this pair of dies has been cut by a MASTER engraver, as ALL the other dies (40 obverse dies and 105 reverse dies are listed) have been cut by apprentices imitating this pair of die. It is the reason why this pair of die is the most beautifully executed for thetype

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 490a) Exceptional specimen on both sides, struck on a super large flan

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 490a) This is a barbaric issue of the double prutah of Herod the Great H490a. This specimen, which is one of the best know with a 100% complete inscription and border of dots has been deliberately left uncleaned.

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 SOLD (Sale 03, May 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 494) This is a really exceptional and amazing example of the H494 coin type, which is always struck with super-oversized obverse dies and normal reverse dies. On this specimen, the name of Herod is almost complete: H-P-Omega-Delta-O-Y (only Delta is missing), and the diadem (the circle at the bottom) is also used as the letter Omega, because of their similarities! On the 94 specimens listed to date on Menorah Coin Project (click here), this is one the three best known.

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 498) Struck in Jerusalem On all of the 59 specimens listed to date on Menorah Coin Project (click here), only a single one shows a complete inscription! (since the 1950's, this coin is property of the Franciscan Biblical School in Jerusalem). Thus the specimen offered here is exceptional: it is the 2nd best example ever listed. Only a single letter is missing, as well as half of the circle of dots. The missing letter is ''B'', the first letter of ''BACIA'' on the first line of the inscription.

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 499) Struck in Jerusalem Amazing specimen with entirely retrograde inscription and only four letters missing (in red on the legend reconstruction at left). On the 100's of dies with inscription cut under Herod the Great, only two of them are entirely retrograde, this is one of them. Only 5 specimens were known before, this one is the 6th and one of the two best known. To see all of them, click here and scroll down to die O23.

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 499) Struck in Jerusalem Interesting variety of Hendin 499 with an entirely retrograde inscription and only 3-4 letters missing (see the legend reconstruction at left). On the 100's of dies with inscription cut under Herod the Great, only two of them are entirely retrograde, this is one of them. Only 5 specimens were known before, this one is the 6th and one of the best known. To see all of them, click here and scroll down to die O23.

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 499) Struck in Jerusalem Very rare and interesting variety on the reverse: The top of the anchor is not ended by a short horizontal line as usual, but by a ''P'' which is a parallel with the monogram of the dated series, and thus a symbol of the name of Herod.

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 500) Struck in Jerusalem Very beautiful example of the most common issue of Herod the Great (we estimate that around 70% of ALL the coins ever struck under Herod are from this type). The design (anchor and double cornucopia) is inspired by typically Hasmonean patterns for strategic reasons. Of course, tthis specimen is much better centered and complete than usual. Also, the 100% original and clear encrustations beautifully enhance the patterns and inscription. The eye appeal of this coin is superb.

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 500) Struck in Jerusalem Rare variety in exceptional condition (the inscription turns outwards). This specimen is better on obverse than the plate coin of Treasury of Jewish Coins (see p. 321, coin #59h) and much better on both sides than the specimen owned by the British Museum (#0110.307)

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 500) Struck in Jerusalem Same coin type as above but rare and very crude variety in exceptional condition: The anchor is crudely cut and the inscription is totally missing

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Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 501) Struck in Jerusalem

Superb example for this coin type which is usually in extremely poor condition. The reverse side (the most important one) shows a complete eagle, which is exceptional. On the obverse, the cornucopia is also complete and the inscription is much better preserved than usual. The amazing ''graven image'' on the reverse depicts the golden eagle that was affixed by Herod over the gateway of the Temple in around 10 B.C.E. The 1st century historian Flavius Josephus describes how students smashed this eagle because they saw it as an offending graven image forbidden by the 2nd commandment, and the cruel punishment Herod reserved to them (Jewish Antiquities xvii. 6, 2).  SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Herod the Great 40-4 B.C.E. (Hendin 502) Struck around 10 B.C.E in Jerusalem The coin type of Herod the Great with galley is one of the rarest coin types of Herod the Great: our records on Menorah Coin Project show that only 6-8 specimens appear on the market every year. In addition, this coin type is always in extremely poor condition. For example, 5 letters are visible on this coin as they are only 6 on the best specimen known (in 15% of cases for this type, even not a single letter is visible!). Also, on the most important side, the one with galley that commemorates the foundation of the port of Caesarea by Herod the Great, the galley is in much better condition than usual.

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

Agrippa I 37-44 C.E.(Hendin 553) Struck year 41-42 C.E. Beautifull example of this common coin type generally poorly struck and poorly preserved. Complete inscription

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6. Prefects & procurators

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 SOLD (Sale 02, Apr 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (Hendin 639) Struck year 15 C.E. in Jerusalem Best specimen known. This exceptional coin is complete on both sides, and the border of dots is even complete on the obverse. Much more beautifull in hand than on the picture

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (Hendin 639) Struck year 15 C.E. in Jerusalem Exceptional specimen. The obverse is complete with a superb strong strike (see how clear and detailled is the top of the double cornucopia). Another important feature is that this pair of dies seems much more carefully cut than usual for the type. It is certainly the fact of a master engraver, and it is not impossible that this pair of dies has served as a model for the other dies of the type. Of course, this coin is not tooled, not smoothed, and its beautifull green patina is 100% original

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (Hendin 640, TJC 317)) Struck year 15 C.E. in Jerusalem Exceptional example of one of the rarest coin types of Valerius Gratus, struck when Jesus was a teenager! This is definitely the best I have ever seen, better than the plate specimens of Hendin (#640) and Meshorer (#317) plate coins.

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (HYBRID of Hendin 639 & 640 - Meshorer TJC 318) Struck year 15 C.E. in Jerusalem This amazing specimen accumulates superlatives:  Rarest hybrid known, and association of  two types that are the earliest and among the rarest coin types of Gratus (Hendin 639 & 640). This coin is also in a much better condition than the plate specimen of Treasury of Jewish Coins (see plate 73, coin #318, same pair of dies). The only other specimen known (the one depicted in TJC) is in the collection of the Israel Museum

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 SOLD (Sale 05, July 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (Hendin 641) Struck year 16 C.E. in Jerusalem Superb specimen with complete inscription, date and illustration on obverse. One of the best known.

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (Hendin 643, TJC 326) Struck year 17 C.E. in Jerusalem Superb example of one of the rarest and most beautifull coin types of the procurators/prefects period.

 

 

 

 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (Hendin 644) Struck year 17 C.E. in Jerusalem This is the best specimen known of the rarest and most beautifull procurators' coin type (click here). Also note the error on reverse: 'TIBEIPOY' instead of 'TIBEPIOY'

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Valerius Gratus 15-26 C.E. (Hendin 646, TJC 328 VARIETY) Struck year 18 C.E. in Jerusalem This superb specimen is not only one of the best known, but it also bears a super rare and previously unknown variety on the reverse (see enlargement): 'XAI' instead of 'KAI'

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 SOLD (Sale 02, Apr 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 648) Struck year 29 C.E. in Jerusalem Superb specimen with complete inscription and perfectly preserved simpulum on obverse. Such a condition is exceptional for this coin type.

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 648) Struck year 29 C.E. in Jerusalem Countermarked coins are the grail of the Pontius Pilate varieties!: Struck in 29 C.E. in Jerusalem this specimen has been then countermarked some years later by roman soldiers (the letters C and Pi flanking the palm branch of the countermark mean 'cohort' according to Kenneth Lonnqvist, author of the most in-depth study ever published on the subject: Israel Numismatic Journal #12 (1992-93: 56ff)). In addition to the countermark, a silhouette (?) is visible inside the simpulam. This coin has been published many times in USA, Israel and France. Only 6 countermarked specimens are known for this type (click here)

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 SOLD (Sale 03, May 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 648) Struck year 29 C.E. in Jerusalem Entirely retrograde inscription on the obverse. This specimen has been published in The Celator (Feb 2005 issue) page 14, Fig. 12. Beautifull original green patina. Only two specimens are known: This one and the other one which is at the Israel Museum and was the plate specimen of Meshorer AJC 21a and TJC 331a (click here and scroll down to die O2). Interestingly, the Israel Museum specimen shows the right area of the die as this one shows the left area

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 648 variety) Struck year 29 C.E. in Jerusalem Exceptional barbaric variety entirely retrograde on obverse. If 29 specimens of the retrograde variety with lituus are known to date (click here and scroll down to dies O1 to O7), only 4 are known with the simpulum (click here and scroll down to die O1). This specimen is the best of them

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 SOLD (Sale 02, Apr 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin hybrid 648 & 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem It is definitely the rarest and most impressive variety of the most famous procurator. Only seven specimens are known (click here and scroll down a little). Several combinations of hybrids are known, but this one is by far the most interesting because it shows the two roman cultic objects (simpulum + lituus) on the same specimen. Only 3 specimens are known under this configuration

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (HYBRID of Hendin 648 & 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem This hallucinogenic specimen is definitely the rarest and most impressive variety of Pontius Pilate. It shows a die of H648 on one side, associated to a die of H649 on the other side. Only nine specimens are known (click here and scroll down to the 2nd section). Several combinations of hybrids exist, but this one is by far the most interesting because it shows the two roman cultic objects (simpulum + lituus) on the same specimen. Only 5 examples are known under this configuration, this one is one of the two best  SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

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 SOLD (Sale 05, July 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem Exceptional specimen of Pilate: The inscription, the lituus, the date are 100% complete and the wreath on the reverse is almost complete

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 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem Here is a really fascinating specimen: Struck in 30 C.E. in Jerusalem (the year of the crucifixion) this specimen has been then countermarked some years later by roman soldiers (the letters C and Pi flanking the palm branch of the countermark mean 'cohort' according to Kenneth Lonnqvist, author of the most in-depth study ever published on the subject: Israel Numismatic Journal #12 (1992-93: 56ff)). Then this coin left the holyland by boat: it has been found in the Cyprus island in Fall 2002

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 SOLD (Sale 05, July 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 650) Struck year 31 C.E. in Jerusalem This is the 'holy grail' of the coins of Pontius Pilate: A countermark (only 19 specimens are known, click here) and an upside-down wreath on the reverse! This coin has been published many times in USA, Israel and France.

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 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem Very rare variety showing a clear, large and fully retrograde date. Same dies as the Meshorer (TJC 335c) & Hendin (649v) plate specimen, but this one is in better condition. Also note the wreath turning right

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 SOLD (Sale 03, May 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem Extremely rare and unpublished variety showing a dramatical alteration of the inscription: ''ICAPOC'' instead of ''KAICAPOC''! This coin has been published in The Celator (Feb 2005 issue) page 14, Fig 14. This error is a bit hard to explain as this piece looks like a regular issue with normal and carefully cut letters and patterns. Only a single other specimen is known to be struck by this pair of dies, but it is much less beautifull than this one (click here and scroll down to 'Die O1-Ins'). It goes without say that this specimen is already exceptional by itself: Well struck, well centered and well preserved

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem Superb example of this rare variety bearing the date ''HZ'' instead of ''LIZ''. This specimen is even in a much better condition than the plate coin in our book ''The Coins of Pontius Pilate'' (2001). Because this date variety shows a ''H'', some believe it is related to the series dated ''LIH'' (year 31), but I don't think so. I think it is a ''LIZ'' variety (crucifixion year), but the horizontal bar of ''L'' is too high

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 SOLD (Sale 03, May 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 649) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem Entirely retrograde variety on obverse (inscription + lituus) combined to an unlisted date. To date, only 29 entirely retrograde specimens are known for this issue. They have been struck by 7 obverse dies, this one is O6, the rarest, with a single specimen listed. Click here and scroll down to the dies O1 to O7

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SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Pontius Pilate 26-36 C.E. (Hendin 649, retrograde variety) Struck year 30 C.E. in Jerusalem Exceptional set of four entirely retrograde varieties, struck by four DIFFERENT obverse and reverse dies. I believe that the entirely retrograde dies of Pontius Pilate have been all cut by a SINGLE unskilled worker who did not knew that a die must be cut in negative in order to appear in positive when the coins are struck. Even if a bit less likely, it is also possible that these dies have been cut in a context of extreme emergency. The entirely retrograde issues of Pontius Pilate are extremely rare: to date, only 29 entirely retrograde specimens are known for this issue struck in Jerusalem in 30 C.E., the year of the crucifixion. To see them, click here and scroll down to the 3rd section at bottom of the page

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

Antonius Felix 52-59 C.E. (Hendin 651, TJC 342) Struck year 54 C.E. in Jerusalem Exceptional specimen with a nice obverse and the most beautiful reverse ever seen, much better than the Hendin and TJC plate specimens.

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 SOLD (Sale 01, Mar 2009)

Porcius Festus 59-62 C.E. (Hendin 653) Struck year 58 C.E. in Jerusalem Amazingly, this is the only Porcius Festus specimen known with a countermark. This double countermark is very small. On obverse, it looks like a graffitto as it seems to depict on reverse a fruit with four bulbs (grappe, pine cone) or a bunch of fruits

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Porcius Festus 59-62 C.E. (Hendin 653, retrograde variety) Struck year 58 C.E. in Jerusalem Interesting variety, entirely retrograde on the obverse. To date, less than two dozens of retrograde specimens are listed for this type. Also note that this coin is much more beautifull in hands than on the picture

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7. First Revolt

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

First Revolt against the Romans (Hendin 655) struck year 1 of the revolt (66 C.E.) in Jerusalem Superb example of the year 1 full shekel. On the three major years of coin production of the revolt (1, 2, 3) the year 1 is the rarest and the most interesting: The dies are different, showing that the coin design was not yet well established. To have much more information, read our article: "A New Study of the Coins of the First Jewish Revolt against Rome, 6670 CE". ANA Journal, Advanced Numismatic Studies, Vol. 1 (2006)

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 SOLD (Sale 04, Jun 2009)

First Jewish Revolt (Hendin 661) Struck year 67-68 C.E. in Jerusalem Nice specimen, well struck and well preserved with complete inscription on obverse

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 SOLD (Sale 03, May 2009)

First Jewish Revolt (Hendin 661) Struck year 67-68 C.E. in Jerusalem Beautifull specimen, well struck and well preserved with complete inscription on both sides

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

First Jewish Revolt (Hendin 661) Struck year 67-68 C.E. in Jerusalem Beautifull, well centered and well preserved specimen. The inscription is complete on the obverse and almost complete on the reverse (only the top of the letters at left are missing). Nice contrasts and superb eye appeal

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

First Jewish revolt against the Romans (Hendin 661) struck year 67-68 C.E. in Jerusalem A beauty with a fantastic eye appeal

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

First Jewish revolt against the Romans (Hendin 661, retrograde variety) struck year 67-68 C.E. in Jerusalem (?) Exceptional barbarous specimen entirely retrograde on the obverse (compare with the regular issue, coin #11 above). The entirely retrograde varieties on the year two prutah of the First Revolt are extreme rarities: This is the 4th specimen ever listed (click here and scroll down to dies O1 & O2) and also the best known. The reverse is also excellent and very crude, but not retrograde. (no specimens are known to be retrograde on both dies for this coin type). This important variety was even unknown to Prof. Meshorer when he published A Treasury of Jewish Coins in 2001

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

First Jewish Revolt (Hendin 670) Struck year 69-70 C.E. in Jerusalem Superb specimen with a strong strike and complete inscription on both sides. The enlargement at right shows how precise are the details inside the lulav. This coin type is of special interest because it has been struck in Jerusalem during the fateful 4th year of the Jewish war against the Romans, as the city was besieged by the Romans, only one year before the destruction of the 2nd Temple. This type is known as the first siege coin ever struck

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 SOLD (Sale 10, Dec 2009)

First Jewish Revolt (Hendin 670 VARIETY) Struck year 69-70 C.E. in Jerusalem Fantastic and extremely rare barbaric variety, entirely retrograde on the obverse with a 100% complete inscription. Only 7 other specimens are known, this one is the best (to see all of them, click here and scroll down to die O3).

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8. Shekel of Tyre

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Shekel of Tyre (Hendin 920, variety) Struck in the middle 40's C.E. maybe in Jerusalem Extremely crude and rare issue of the shekel of Tyre (14.06 grams), remarkably preserved, well detailled and thus very rare in such a good condition. The shekels and half-shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Temple of Jerusalem.

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9. Bar Kochba Revolt

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Bar Kokhba War (Hendin 688, Mildenberg #14) Struck year 2 (133-134 C.E.) in Jerusalem Excellent example of the Sela (tetradrachm) of the 2nd year of the Bar Kochba Revolt. The coin is much more beautiful than the picture

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 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Bar Kochba Struck year 3 of the revolt (134-135 C.E.) in Jerusalem (Mildenberg 33) Beautiful  specimen in a much better condition than the plate specimen in the Mildenberg's book. The rectangular object at right of the lyre (see enlargement at left) remains enigmatic

 

 SOLD (Sale 07, Sep 2009)

Bar Kochba Struck year 1 of the revolt (132-133 C.E.) in Jerusalem (Mildenberg 36) Excellent example of this Simon prince of Israel‏ type struck on the first year of the revolt. This pair of dies is extremely rare (only 3 specimens are listed by Mildenberg) and this one is the best known on reverse

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 SOLD (Sale 08, Oct 2009)

Bar Kochba struck on year 1 of the revolt (132-133 C.E.) in Jerusalem (Hendin 681b, TJC 225, Mildenberg 148) Fantastic specimen, much better than ANY plate specimen in the reference books (see Hendin 681b, TJC 225 and Mildenberg 148). Superb strong strike well showing each fruit of the wine grape and each leaf of the palm tree. The letters are perfectly defined on both sides, the eye appeal is exceptional

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Bar Kochba struck on year 1 of the revolt (132-133 C.E.) in Jerusalem (Hendin 681, TJC 224, Mildenberg 150) Fantastic specimen, better than ANY plate specimen in the reference books (see Hendin 681, TJC 224 and Mildenberg 150). In addition, we have here a rare and interesting strike error on the reverse (at very right). Superb strong strike well showing each fruit of the wine grape and each leaf of the palm tree. The letters are perfectly defined, the eye appeal is exceptional.

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 SOLD (Sale 06, Aug 2009)

Bar Kokhba War (Mildenberg #195, plate coin) Struck year 133-134 C.E. in Jerusalem This important specimen with a retrograde inscription on the obverse and errors on the reverse inscription IS the plate coin #195 of the Prof. Mildenberg's book The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War (1984), which is the most important reference ever published on the Bar Kokhba war

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 SOLD (Sale 09, Nov. 2009)

Bar Kokhba War (Mildenberg #179) Struck year 133-134 C.E. in Jerusalem Very barbaric specimen with an illegible inscription, better than the Mildenberg's plate specimen. This is an extremely rare issue (only 3 specimens known)

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10. Minima of Caesarea

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 SOLD (Sale 05, July 2009)

Minima of Caesarea - UNLISTED VARIETY - Struck 1st Century C.E. in Caesarea Not only it is an unlisted variety, but it is also the most beautiful palm branch I ever seen on a Minima of Ceasarea coin (compare with the plate coin of Prof. Meshorer in AJC and TJC here). In addition, this palm branch is associated to a reverse die with a portrait that is not Tyche, like it is generally the case on these rare little coins. Somewhere in Caesarea, in the end of the 1st century C.E., there was a workshop specialized in the production of very small denominations (half a prutah) probably in order to meet a high demand that arose in this city after the end of the Jewish War against the Romans.